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篇  名 科學自我概念之大魚小池效應探究:資優生教育安置方式的思考
並列篇名 The Big-Fish-Little-Pond Effect on Science Self-Concept: Some Implications in Educational Placement for Gifted Students
作  者 侯雅齡
發表期刊 教育科學研究期刊
出版年份 2010 年
卷  期 55 卷 3 期
頁  次 p.61~87
關鍵字 大魚小池效應 ; 科學自我概念 ; 教育安置 ; 階層線性模式 ; 資優生 ; big-fish-little-pond effect ; science self-concept ; educational placement ; hierarchical linear models ; gifted students
語言別 中文
中文摘要

本研究目的在瞭解參與集中式資優班的國中資優生,其科學自我概念是否存在負向「大魚小池效應」( big fish little pond effect ) ,抑或資優班的標籤反而帶給個人正向的榮耀感效應 ( reflected glory effects ) ?研究樣本包含 367 位資優生及 l,364 位一般生,以科學自我概念量表、自然科學業成就測驗與班級榮耀感量表為工具,使用 HLM 軟體進行學生及班級二階層模式( multilevel modeling )的統計分析。研究結論為:一我國資優班學生的科學自我概念存在明顯的負向「大魚小池效應」,雖然「榮耀感效應」也存在但影響力不大;二、個人的科學成就及班級榮耀感對科學自我概念皆有正向影響;三、資優班學生之班級榮耀感、個人科學成就對科學自我概念的影響都比普通班學生大。最後亦分別對未來資優學生安置與研究提出建議。

英文摘要

The big-fish-little-pond effect (BFLPE) theoretical model posits that students who are educated in academically selective schools and classes will have lower academic self-concepts, than equally able students in non-selective environments. In the present research, 367 gifted students in special homogeneous classes and 1,364 regular classes’ students have been investigated for assessing whether the BFLPE is evident in Taiwan. Because the BFLPE is inherently a multilevel phenomenon that incorporates both the individual level and group level, researcher used a two-level multilevel modeling statistical analyses to analyze data. The results provided evidence that BFLPE existed in 9-Grade gifted student in Taiwan, the classes-average ability had a stronger negative effect and a weaker positive effect on science self-concept. Science self-concept was significantly positively predicted by individual science achievement (both linear and quadratic) and class glory status. At the class level, the consistency between the science self-concept and science achievement was stronger for the gifted class than regular class. Finally, the researcher provided some implications for gifted educational placement.

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