期刊文獻資料庫

論文查詢

論文詳細資料內容:
論文基本資料
篇  名 從PRECEDE模式中教育與行為診斷來探討青少年事故傷害發生之影響因素
並列篇名 Educational and Behavioral Factors Influencing the Adolescent Unintentional Injuries In the PRECEDE Model
作  者 王國川
發表期刊 師大學報:教育類
出版年份 1997 年
卷  期 42 期
頁  次 p.75~93
關鍵字 PRECEDE模式 ; 青少年事故傷害 ; the PRECEDE model ; the adolescent unintentional injuries
語言別 中文
中文摘要

事故傷害是今天青少年所面臨最嚴重的健康問題,然而大部分的事故是可以藉由採取健康行為來事先防範的,所以本研究的目的在於應用PRECEDE模式思考架構來探討有那些因素對於青少年事故傷害發生具有影響力,以提供未來學校、社區與家庭實施傷害防制工作之參考。臺灣地區八十四學年度公私立國中、高中與高職日間部全體學生為母群,採多階段分層群集隨機抽樣法獲得完全有效樣本9,770人,以青少年事故傷害發生之調查問卷為資料蒐集工具,以多變項複迴歸與邏輯迴歸分析為探討問題之統計方法。結果發現青少年事故傷害發生率受到交通與防火方面之預防行為所影響,而預防暨保護行為又受到素質因素中情感與價值觀念,以及使能、增強因素中學校、社區的宣傳與家庭的重視所影響,但素質比使能、增強因素的影響力來得大;同時,使能、增強因素亦可經由素質因素之途徑間接影響到此預防暨保護行為。因此,PRECEDE模式對此問題提供了一個很好的教育與行為診斷。

英文摘要

Today the unintentional injuries are the most serious health problems facing the adolescent How-ever, most of the accidental injuries can be prevented in advance. The major purpose of the study, based upon the PRECEDE model, is to explore the etiology of the adolescent unintentional injuries, and to provide information for the future injury control and prevention in schools, communities, and families. The survey was undertaken to 9,770 students who were randomly sampled through the multi-stage stratified cluster sampling with probabilities proportional to sizes from the 45 junior, senior, and vocational high schools in Taiwan of the 1995-1996 academic year. The data were collected via the self-report questionnaire with better validity and reliability, and were analyzed through multivariate multiple regression and logistic regression analyses. The results revealed (1) the adolescent unintentional injuries were influenced by their preventive behaviors in the traffic and fire safety, (2) their preventive and pro-tective behaviors were influenced by the predisposing, enabling, and reinforcing factors, where the for-mer factor was more influential than the latter two factors, and (3) the enabling and reinforcing factors indirectly influenced those behaviors through the cause and effect path of the predisposing factor. As expected, the educational and behavioral factors in the PRECEDE model permitted more accurate un-derstanding of the adolescent unintentional injuries.

本文被引用次數:0瀏覽...

說明:為本資料庫所收錄文章

本文參考文獻資料:

Alteneder, R. R., Price, I. H., Telljohann, S. K, Didion, J., & Locher, A. (1992), Using the PRECEDE model to determine junior high school students' knowledge, attitudes, and beliefs about AIDS, Journal of School Health, (62), 464-470.

Bartholomew, L. K., Koenning, G., Dahlquist, L., & Barron, K. (1994), An educational needs assessment of children with juvenile rheumatoid arthritis, Arthritis Care and Research, (7), 136-143.

Benson, R., & Taub, D.E. (1993), Using the PRECEDE model for causal analysis of bulimic tendencies among elite women swimmers, Journal of Health Education, (24), 360-368.

Berkelman, R. L., Herndon, J. L., Callaway, I. L., Stivers, R., Howard, L. B., Bezjak, A., & Sikes, R. K. (1985), Fatal injuries and alcohol, American Journal of Preventive Medicine, (1), 21-28.

Boyce, W. T., Sprunger, L. W., Sobolewski, S., & Schaefer, C. (1984), Epidemiology of injuries in a large, urban school district, Pediatrics, (74), 342-349.

Cliff, K. S. (1984), Accidents: Causes, Prevention, and Services, Dover, NH: Croom Helm.

Coren, S. (1989), Left-handedness and accident-related injury risk, American Journal of Public Health, (79), 1040-1041.

Graham, C. J., Dick, R., Rickert, V. I., & Glenn, R. (1993), Left-handedness as a risk factor for unintentional injury in children, Pediatrics, (92), 823-826.

Green, L. W., Kreuter, M. W., Deeds, S. G., & Partridge, K. B. (1980), Health Education Planning: A Diagnostic Approach, Palo Alto, CA: Mayfield Publishing.

Green, L W., & Simon-Morton, D. C. (1991), Education and life-style determinants of health and disease, In Holland, W.W., Detels, R. & G. Knox (Eds.), Oxford Tertbook of Public Health Ⅲ, , Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Haddon, W. (1980), Advances in the epidemiological of injuries as a basis for public policy, Public Health Report, (95), 411-421.

Harel, Y., Overpeck, M. D., Jones, D. H., Scheidt, P. C., Bijur, P. E., Trumble, A. C., & Anderson, J. (1994), The effects of recall on estimating annual nonfatal injury rates for children and adolescents, American Journal of Public Health, (84), 599-605.

Jacobsson, B., & Schelp, L. (1988), One-year incidence of occupational injuries among teenagers in a Swedish rural municipality, Scandinavian Journal of Social Medicine, (16), 12-15.

Lenaway, D. D., Ambler, A. G., & Beaudoin, D. E. (1992), The epidemiology of school-related injuries: new perspectives, American Journal of Preventive Medicine, (8), 193-198.

Myers, D. P., & Anderson, A. R. (1991), Adolescent addiction: assessment and identification, Journal of Pediatric Health Care, (5), 86-93.

National Safety Council (1984), Accident Facts, Chicago, IL: National Safety Council.

Opdycke, R. A. C., Ascione, F. J., Shimp, L. A., & Rosen, R. I. (1992), A systematic approach to educating elderly patients about their medications, Patient Education and Counseling, (19), 43-60.

Petridou, E., Kouri, N., Trichopoulos, D., Revinthi, K, Skalkidis, Y., & Tong, D. (1994), School injuries in Athens: socioeconomic and family risk factors, Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health, (48), 490-491.

Public Health Service (1991), Healthy People 2000: National Health Promotion and Disease Prevention Objectives - Full Reports, with commentaly, , U.S. Government Printing Offices, Washington DC, DHHS publication no. (PHS) 91-50212.

Rice, D. P., Mackenzie, E. I., et al. (1989), Cost of Injuty in the United States: A Report to Congress, The Johns Hopkins University, Institute for Health and Aging, University of California and Injury Prevention Center, .

Ross, M. W., & Rosser, B. R. S. (1989), Education and AIDS risks: a review, Health Education Research, (4), 273-284.

Runyan, C. W., & Gerken, E. A. (1989), Epidemiology and prevention of adolescent injury: a review and research agenda, Journal of the American Medical Association, (262), 2273-2279.

Runyan, C. W., & Gerken, E. A. (1991), Injuries, In W. R. Hendee (Eds.), The Health of Adolescents, , San Francisco, CA: Jossey-Bass.

Santer, L.J., & Stocking, C. B. (1991), Safety practices and living conditions of low-income urban families, Pediatrics, (88), 1112-1118.

Sheps, S.B., & Evans, G. D. (1987), Epidemiology of school injuries: a 2-year experience in a municipal health department, Pediatrics, (79), 69-75.

The National Committee for Injury Prevention and Control (1989), Injury Prevention: Meeting the Challenge, New York: Oxford University Press.

Thygerson, A. L. (1986), Safety, Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall.

Taylor, V. M., Taplin, S. H., Urban, N., Mahloch, J., & Majer, K A. (1994), Medical community involvement in a breast cancer screening promotional project, Public Health Reports, (109), 491-499.

Waller, J. A. (1985), Injury Control: A Guide to the Causes and Prevention of Trauma, Lexington, MA: Health and Company.

Witte, K., Stokols, D., Ituarte, P., & Schpeider, M. (1993), Testing the health belief modellfr-a field study to promote bicycle safety helmets, Communication Research, (20), 564-586.