篇  名 追求音樂成就的迢迢學習路:七位資深音樂教師對台灣音樂學生的反思
並列篇名 The Long Learning Track for Pursuit of Musical Achievement: Introspection of Seven Senior Musical Teachers on Taiwan Musical Students
作  者 徐秀娟
發表期刊 教育研究學報
出版年份 2007 年
卷  期 41 卷 2 期
頁  次 p.49~67
關鍵字 音樂學生 ; 成就動機 ; 社會價值 ; 社會取向 ; musical students ; achievement motivation ; social value ; social-oriented
語言別 中文



This work intends to discuss the important variation factors for musical students to pursue their careers and how they alter their achievement motivations by qualitative investigation. Results show that the implicit factors for musical students to influence their achievement motivation include the expectation from relatives and friends, their dreams in music careers, and their face as well as honor. These factors also lead to the way that musical students were brought up. In addition, the achievement goals revealed by musical students are generally correlated with the background of social context and social value such that they can not transform this achievement value to parts of their individual intrinsic value. Their learning attitude and self-evaluation of the intrinsic value to music also depend on the viewpoints and criteria of other people or their belonging groups. However, upon the rapid change of Taiwan society value, musical students become panic and hesitate to move forward during their long period of musical education and pursuit for social-oriented achievement. Finally, this paper summarizes the introspection from the participants in this research and proposes the recommendations regarding to the topic.




王振德 (1990), 我國資優教育相關問題及教學狀況調查研究, 台北: 台北市立師範學院特教中心.

方銘健 (1997), 藝術、音樂情感與意義, 台北: 全音樂譜出版社.

朱瑞玲 (1989), 面子與成就—社會取向成就動機之探討, 中華心理學刊, 31(), 79-90.

余安邦、楊國樞 (1987), 社會取向成就動機與個我取向成就動機:概念分析與實徵研究, 央研究院民族學研究所集刊, 64(), 51-98.

余安邦 (1990), 成就動機的建構效度研究, 國立台灣大學, 博士論文, 未出版.

余安邦、楊國樞 (1991), 成就動機本土化的省思, 楊中芳與高尚仁(編), 中國人‧中國心—人格與社會篇, 201-290, 台北: 遠流.

余安邦 (1993), 社會取向成就動機與個我取向成就動機不同嗎?從動機與行為的關係加以探討, 中研院民族研究所集刊, 76(), 197-224.

李翠玲 (1999), 我國音樂資優教育的省思, 國教世紀, 188(), 24-28.

吳武典 (1983), 我國國中資優教育之評鑑, 資優教育季刊, 000(010), 0001-0009. 

林本喬 (1985), 如何輔導資優兒童的父母, 教師之友, 26(1), 26-28.

姚世澤 (2003), 現代音樂教育學新論, 台北: 師大書苑.

徐秀娟 (2000), 成功音樂班父母管教方式初探研究:內涵意義之探討, 台南女子技術學院學報, 19(), 209-227.

曾建章 (1996), 國中資優學生所知覺之教師及父母學業成就期望與成就動機間差異之研究, 資優教育季刊, 000(060), 0031-0036. 

程炳林 (2002), 多重目標導向、動機問題與調整策略之交互作用, 師大學報:教育類, 047(001), 0039-0058. 

黃光國 (1988), 人情與面子:中國人的權力遊戲, 楊國樞(編), 中國人的心理, 289-318, 台北: 桂冠圖書.

黃光國 (1995), 知識與行動:中華文化傳統的社會心理詮釋, 台北: 心理出版社.

黃光國 (2000), 關係與面子:華人社會中的衝突化解模式。邁進中的華人心理學, 香港: 中文大學出版社.

劉佳蕙 (2003), 打造音樂家的夢-提琴學習者的特質與學習生涯之探討, 國立台灣師範大學, 博士論文, 未出版.

劉興漢 (1993), 我國臺灣地區大學教師專業自主權之探討, 臺北: 臺灣書店.

Amabile, T. M., DeJong, W., & Lepper, M. (1976), Effects of externally imposed deadlines on subsequent intrinsic motivation, Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 34(), 92-98.

Archer, M. S. (1995), Realist social theory: the morphogenetic approach, New York: Cambridge University Press..

Arkoff, A. (1968), Adjustment and mental health, New York: McGraw-Hill Book Co..

Atkinson, J. W.,& Feather, N. T. (1966), A theory of achievement motivation, New York: John Wiley & Sons..

Chen, C., & Stevenson, H. W. (1995), Motivation and mathematics achievement: A comparative study of Asian-American, Caucasian-American, and East-Asian high school students, Child Development, 66(4), 1215-1234.

Deci, E. L. (1971), Effects of externally mediated rewards on intrinsic motivation, Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 18(), 105-115.

Diaz-Rivera, E. I. (1994), Underachievement among high ability Puerto Rican high school students: perceptions of their life experiences, Pennsylvania State University, 博士論文, 未出版.

Helmreich, R. L., & Spence, J. T. (1978), Achievement motivation and scientific attainment, Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 4(), 222-226.

Hwang, K. K. (2003), The construction of life goals and their psychological implication in Confucian society, Paper presented at the Fifth Biennial Conference of Asian Association of Social Psychology, Manila, Philippines., .

Jerath, J. M. (1981), The intrinsic and extrinsic components of motivation, Personality Study and Group Behavior, 1(1), 74-81.

Kardiner, A.,&Linton, R. (1939), The individual and his society, N. Y.: Columbia University Press..

Kardiner, A., Linton, R., Dubois, C., & West, J. (1945), The psychological frontiers of society, N. Y.: Columbia University Press..

Kemp, A. E. (1996), The musical temperament- psychology and personality of musicians, Oxford: Oxford University Press..

Knieter, G. L. (1981), Current issues and future directions in music education, CMEA NEWS, Nov-Dec..

Kriger, Sara Finn; Kroes, William H. (1972), Child-rearing Attitudes of Chinese, Jewish, and Protestant Mothers, Journal of Social Psychology, 86(2), 205-210.

Kornadt, H. J., Eckensberger, L. H., & Emminghaus, W.B. (1980), Cross-cultural research on motivation and it's contribution to a general theory of motivation, In H. C. Triandis, W. Lonner. (Eds.), Handbook of Cross-Cultural Psychology, Vol.3, , Basic Processes Boston: Allyn& Bacon..

Langer, S. (1953), Feeling and form, New York: Scribner.

Lepper, M., Greene, D., & Nisbett, R. (1973), Undermining children´s intrinsic interest with extrinsic rewards: A test of the "over-justification" hypothesis, Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 28(), 129-137.

Li, Anita King-Fun (1974), Parental Attitudes, Test Anxiety, and Achievement Motivation: A Hong Kong Study, Journal of Social Psychology, 93(1), 3-12.

McClelland, D. C., Atkinson, J. W.,Clark, R. W., & Lowell, E. L. (1953), The achievement motive, New York: Appleton-Century-Crofts..

McClelland, D. C. (1961), The achieving society, Princeton N. J: Van Nostrand..

Meyer, L. (1956), Emotion and meaning in music, Chicago: University of Chicago Press..

Miller, J. G. (1997), Cultural conceptions of duty: Implications for motivation and morality, In D. Munro, J. E. Shumaker, & S. C. Carr . (Eds.), Motivation and culture, , New York: Routledge..

Murray, H. A. (1938), Explorations in personality, New York: Oxford University Press..

Olsen, N. J. (1971), Sex differences in child training antecedents of achievement motivation among Chinese children, Journal of Social Psychology, 83(), 303-304.

Rao, N., Moely, B. E., & Sachs, J. (2000), Motivational Beliefs, Study Strategies, and Mathematics Attainment in High- and Low-Achieving Chinese Secondary School Students, Contemporary Educational Psychology, 25(3), 287-316.

Scofield, R. W., & Sun, C.W. (1960), A comparative study of the differential effect upon personality of Chinese and American child training practices, Journal of Social Psychology, 52(), 221-224.

Weiner, B. (1985), Human motivation, New York: Springer Verlay.

徐秀娟 (2006), 台灣音樂學生外在動機的內化與自我決定知覺的學習關係探討, 國民教育研究學報, 000(017), 0025-0053.