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篇  名 男女學生科學興趣差異與道德發展之關聯
並列篇名 A Correlation Between Different Genders' Interest In Science And Moral Development
作  者 楊龍立
發表期刊 臺北市立師範學院學報
出版年份 1995 年
卷  期 26 期
頁  次 p.39~54
關鍵字
語言別 中文
中文摘要

本論文之目的在探討中小學生在科學興趣方面出現的性別差異現象,並試圖從學生的道德發展角度來加以說明。世界各國的中小學生在多次調查、測驗裡,顯示出男學生對科學較有興趣,女學生的科學興趣較少。這種科學興趣裡的性別差異現象可由多方面來加以解釋,但由深層的人格特質來說明時,目前出現的道德發展理論可提供我們較完整的解釋架構,男女學生的科學興趣與道德發展間存在著相似的群體差異現象,而且這兩種差異相當的近似。不過,企圖運用道德發展來解釋科學興趣中之性別差異時,我們仍會遭遇到重大的困難,因為道德發展裡的性別差異至今仍未獲得肯定,不少學者依然質疑道德發展之性別差異現象,因此未來有待進一步的探討。

英文摘要

The purpose of this study is to investigate gender differences in scientific interest among elementary and junior high school students, and to explain the differences in view of students' moral development. Though many studies showed that male students have much more interst in science than female students, the issue could be sized up from various facets. In terms of attributes of personality, moral development theory provides an integrated framework to explain the correlation between different gerders' interest in science and moral development, which shares great common phenomena.
However we need to break through the theroetical analysis used in this way, for gender differences in moral development need to further develop and improve to reach an agreement.

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